Rome: The Eternal City

Rome: The Eternal City

Rome is the capital city of Italy and is located in the central-western part of the country. It is situated on the banks of the Tiber River, and is known for its rich history, ancient architecture, and cultural heritage. Rome is home to numerous landmarks and attractions, including the Colosseum, the Roman Forum, the Pantheon, and the Vatican City, which is the world’s smallest independent state and the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church. Rome is also renowned for its cuisine, art, fashion, and vibrant street life. Also, Rome is the third-largest city in the European Union after Berlin and Madrid.

Short History

Rome has a long and fascinating history that dates back over 2,500 years. According to legend, the city was founded in 753 BCE by the twins Romulus and Remus. Rome grew into a powerful city-state, and in the 4th century BCE, it began its expansion by conquering neighboring territories, eventually becoming the capital of a vast empire.

Rome’s influence on Western civilization has been significant, including its language, Latin, which became the basis for many modern languages. Rome was also a center of art, architecture, and engineering, producing such iconic structures as the Colosseum, the Pantheon, and the aqueducts.

In the 5th century CE, Rome fell to invading barbarian tribes, and the city entered a period of decline. However, the Catholic Church, which had established its seat in Rome, continued to hold great influence, and the city experienced a cultural and intellectual revival during the Renaissance.

In the centuries that followed, Rome became part of the Kingdom of Italy and later the Italian Republic. Today, Rome remains a vibrant and important cultural center, attracting millions of visitors each year to its historical landmarks, museums, and cultural events.


Rome is famous for its architectural heritage, which spans over 2,500 years and includes examples from many different periods and styles. Some of the most iconic architectural landmarks in Rome include:

  • The Colosseum: A massive amphitheater built in the 1st century CE, the Colosseum is one of the most famous examples of Roman engineering and is a symbol of the power and grandeur of the Roman Empire.
  • The Pantheon: A temple built in the 2nd century CE, the Pantheon is renowned for its dome, which was the largest in the world until the 15th century. It is considered one of the best-preserved ancient Roman buildings.
  • The Roman Forum: A sprawling complex of ruins that was the political and commercial center of ancient Rome, the Roman Forum includes numerous temples, basilicas, and other public buildings.
  • The Vatican City: A separate city-state located within Rome, the Vatican City is home to many important architectural landmarks, including St. Peter’s Basilica and the Sistine Chapel.
  • Baroque Architecture: Rome is also known for its Baroque architecture, which flourished in the 17th and 18th centuries. Examples of this style include the Trevi Fountain, the Spanish Steps, and numerous churches and palaces throughout the city.

Overall, Rome’s architectural heritage is a testament to the city’s rich history and cultural significance, and draws millions of visitors from around the world each year.

Museums and Galleries

Rome is home to numerous museums and galleries that showcase the city’s rich artistic and cultural heritage. Here are some of the most interesting ones:

  • Vatican Museums: One of the most famous museums in the world, the Vatican Museums are located within the Vatican City and house a vast collection of art and artifacts, including the Sistine Chapel.
  • Capitoline Museums: Located on Capitoline Hill, the Capitoline Museums are the world’s oldest public museums and house a collection of ancient Roman art and artifacts, as well as works by Renaissance and Baroque artists.
  • Galleria Borghese: This museum houses an impressive collection of Renaissance and Baroque art, including works by Bernini, Caravaggio, and Raphael.
  • National Museum of Rome: Comprised of four different museums, the National Museum of Rome features collections of ancient Roman artifacts, including sculptures, mosaics, and frescoes.
  • MAXXI – National Museum of 21st Century Arts: This contemporary art museum showcases works by international artists in a variety of media, including painting, sculpture, and photography.
  • Palazzo Altemps: This museum is located in a Renaissance palace and houses collections of classical sculptures, including works by the ancient Greeks and Romans.

These museums and galleries offer visitors a chance to explore Rome’s rich artistic and cultural heritage, spanning over 2,500 years of history.

Landmarks and Monuments

Rome is a city of historical landmarks and monuments, many of which are internationally recognized symbols of the city’s colorful cultural heritage. Here are some of the most interesting ones:

  • The Colosseum: One of the most recognizable landmarks in Rome, the Colosseum is an ancient amphitheater that was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles during the Roman Empire.
  • The Pantheon: A well-preserved ancient temple, the Pantheon is renowned for its dome, which was the largest in the world until the 15th century.
  • The Roman Forum: A complex of ruins that was the political and commercial center of ancient Rome, the Roman Forum includes numerous temples, basilicas, and other public buildings.
  • The Trevi Fountain: A Baroque masterpiece, the Trevi Fountain is one of the most famous fountains in the world and features sculptures of mythical figures and sea creatures.
  • The Spanish Steps: A Baroque stairway that leads up to the Trinità dei Monti church, the Spanish Steps are a popular spot for tourists and locals alike.
  • St. Peter’s Basilica: Located in the Vatican City, St. Peter’s Basilica is one of the world’s largest churches and features impressive works of art and architecture.
  • The Colonna Traiana: A triumphal column built in the 2nd century CE, the Colonna Traiana depicts scenes from the emperor Trajan’s military campaigns.

These landmarks and monuments offer visitors a glimpse into Rome’s history and cultural heritage, from ancient Roman ruins to Baroque masterpieces.

Parks and Green Spaces

Rome may be known for its ancient landmarks and historical sites, but it also boasts several beautiful parks and green spaces. Here are some of the most popular ones:

  • Villa Borghese: One of the largest parks in Rome, Villa Borghese features expansive gardens, several museums, and a lake where visitors can rent paddleboats.
  • Villa Ada: A peaceful park located in the northeastern part of Rome, Villa Ada features walking trails, a lake, and several picnic areas.
  • Parco degli Acquedotti: This park is home to several ancient Roman aqueducts and is a popular spot for jogging and cycling.
  • Villa Doria Pamphili: Located in the western part of Rome, Villa Doria Pamphili is the city’s largest public park and features walking trails, a lake, and several historic buildings.
  • Pincio Gardens: These gardens are located on the Pincian Hill, near the Villa Borghese, and offer beautiful views of the city.
  • Parco Savello (Orange Garden): This park is located on the Aventine Hill and offers stunning views of the Tiber River and the city skyline.

These parks and green spaces provide a peaceful escape from the hustle and bustle of the city and offer visitors a chance to relax and enjoy the natural beauty of Rome.


Rome is a landlocked city and does not have any beaches nearby. The nearest beaches are located in the coastal towns near Rome, such as Ostia and Fregene. Ostia is located about 30 kilometers from Rome and is known for its long sandy beaches, while Fregene is a popular destination for windsurfing and other water sports. Other popular beaches near Rome include Anzio, Nettuno, and Santa Marinella, which are all located south of the city. These beaches are easily accessible by car or public transportation and offer a relaxing escape from the bustle of the city.

Shopping Districts

Rome is known for its high-end fashion and luxury shopping, and there are several shopping districts in the city that cater to fashion enthusiasts and luxury shoppers. Here are some of the most popular shopping districts in Rome:

  • Via del Corso: Located in the historic city center, Via del Corso is one of the most famous shopping streets in Rome. It is home to several high-end fashion boutiques, as well as more affordable shops.
  • Via Condotti: Known as Rome’s most exclusive shopping street, Via Condotti is lined with designer boutiques such as Gucci, Prada, and Bulgari.
  • Via Borgognona: Located near the Spanish Steps, Via Borgognona is home to several upscale fashion boutiques and luxury brands.
  • Via Cola di Rienzo: This street is located in the Prati district and is known for its trendy boutiques, vintage shops, and affordable fashion brands.
  • Piazza di Spagna: The area surrounding the Spanish Steps is home to several luxury fashion boutiques, as well as high-end jewelry and accessory stores.
  • Via del Babuino: This street connects Piazza del Popolo with the Spanish Steps and is home to several high-end fashion boutiques and art galleries.

Whether you’re looking for designer fashion, trendy boutiques, or unique vintage shops, Rome has plenty of shopping districts to explore.

Food and Drink

Rome is known for its delicious cuisine, and there are several dishes that you should definitely try when visiting the city. Here are some of the most popular foods to try in Rome:

  • Carbonara: This classic Roman pasta dish is made with egg, cheese, guanciale (cured pork cheek), and black pepper.
  • Cacio e pepe: Another classic Roman pasta dish, cacio e pepe is made with Pecorino Romano cheese, black pepper, and pasta water.
  • Pizza al taglio: This is a type of Roman pizza that is sold by the slice and is usually rectangular in shape. It is topped with a variety of ingredients, such as tomato sauce, mozzarella, and cured meats.
  • Supplì: These are deep-fried rice balls that are filled with mozzarella and sometimes ragù (meat sauce).
  • Saltimbocca alla romana: This dish consists of thin slices of veal, topped with prosciutto and sage, and cooked in white wine and butter.
  • Carciofi alla romana: This is a Roman-style artichoke dish that is cooked with garlic, parsley, and white wine.
  • Gelato: Italian gelato is a must-try when in Rome. It is a delicious and creamy dessert that comes in a variety of flavors.

Whether you’re in the mood for pasta, pizza, or something sweet, Rome has plenty of delicious food options to try.


Rome has an extensive public transportation system that includes buses, trams, and a metro system. Here are the best ways to move around Rome:

  • Metro: Rome’s metro system is the fastest way to move around the city. It has three lines (A, B, and C) that connect the city center with the outskirts. The metro runs from 5:30 am until 11:30 pm, with extended hours on Fridays and Saturdays.
  • Bus: Rome’s bus system is extensive and covers the entire city. There are several types of buses, including urban buses, express buses, and night buses. Buses usually run from 5:30 am until midnight.
  • Tram: Rome has six tram lines that cover the city center and some of the suburbs. Trams usually run from 5:30 am until midnight.
  • Walking: Walking is one of the best ways to explore Rome, especially in the historic city center. Many of the major tourist attractions are within walking distance of each other.
  • Cycling: Rome has several bike rental companies that allow visitors to rent a bike and explore the city at their own pace. However, cycling in Rome can be challenging due to the city’s narrow streets and heavy traffic.
  • Taxi: Taxis are available throughout the city, but they can be expensive and are not always the most efficient way to get around. It is best to use taxis for short trips or when public transportation is not available.

Overall, Rome’s public transportation system is efficient and affordable, making it easy for visitors to move around the city.


Rome is generally a safe city for tourists, but like any major city, there are some safety concerns to be aware of. Here are some tips to help ensure your safety while visiting Rome:

  • Be aware of pickpockets: Pickpocketing is a common problem in Rome, especially in crowded tourist areas such as the Colosseum, the Roman Forum, and the Vatican. Keep your valuables secure and be aware of your surroundings.
  • Avoid unlit areas at night: Some neighborhoods in Rome can be dangerous at night, especially for tourists. Stick to well-lit areas and avoid walking alone.
  • Use official taxis: Only use official taxis, which are white and have a taxi sign on the roof. Avoid unlicensed taxis, which are often expensive and unsafe.
  • Watch out for traffic: Traffic in Rome can be chaotic, so be careful when crossing the street. Always use crosswalks and obey traffic signals.
  • Be cautious around street vendors: Some street vendors in Rome can be aggressive and may try to scam tourists. Be cautious when dealing with street vendors and only purchase items from reputable shops.

Overall, Rome is a safe city for tourists, but it is important to take precautions to ensure your safety while exploring the city.

Expensive or Cheap

Rome can be an expensive city, especially when it comes to accommodations and dining out. However, there are ways to save money while visiting Rome. Here are some tips:

  • Choose your accommodations wisely: Consider staying in a hostel or an Airbnb instead of a hotel to save money on accommodations. Look for options that are outside of the city center, as they tend to be more affordable.
  • Eat like a local: Avoid touristy restaurants and seek out local trattorias and pizzerias. You can also save money by eating a large lunch and a lighter dinner.
  • Use public transportation: Rome’s public transportation system is efficient and affordable, making it easy to get around the city without spending a lot of money on taxis or private transportation.
  • Buy tickets in advance: If you plan to visit popular attractions like the Colosseum or the Vatican, buy your tickets in advance to avoid waiting in long lines and paying higher prices on the day of your visit.
  • Walk or bike: Walking or biking is a great way to explore Rome, and it won’t cost you anything.

Overall, Rome can be an expensive city, but with some planning and budgeting, you can enjoy all that the city has to offer without breaking the bank.

Best Time to Travel

The best time to travel to Rome is during the spring (April to June) or fall (September to November) when the weather is mild and the crowds are smaller compared to the busy summer months. The winter months can also be a good time to visit if you don’t mind cooler temperatures, fewer crowds, and lower prices. However, some attractions and restaurants may have reduced hours during this time. The summer months (July to August) can be hot and crowded, with higher prices and longer lines at popular attractions.

Date Ideas, Activities or Experiences

Rome is a beautiful and romantic city with plenty of options for couples on a date. Here are some date ideas for your visit to Rome:

  • Take a romantic stroll: Rome is a great city to explore on foot, and there are plenty of romantic spots to discover. Some popular options include the Pincio Terrace, the Tiber River, and the Gianicolo Hill.
  • Visit the Vatican: The Vatican is a must-see attraction in Rome, and it’s a great place to go on a date. Take a tour of the Vatican Museums, visit the Sistine Chapel, and enjoy the beautiful St. Peter’s Square.
  • Take a cooking class: Italy is known for its delicious cuisine, and a cooking class can be a fun and romantic way to spend time together. Learn how to make pizza, pasta, or gelato from a local chef.
  • Enjoy a sunset picnic: Find a scenic spot, such as the Villa Borghese or the Janiculum Terrace, and pack a picnic to enjoy the sunset together.
  • Take a bike tour: Explore the city on two wheels with a bike tour. It’s a fun and active way to see the sights and enjoy each other’s company.
  • Visit the Trevi Fountain: The Trevi Fountain is one of the most romantic spots in Rome, and it’s a great place to toss a coin and make a wish together.

These are just a few ideas for a romantic date in Rome. With its beautiful scenery, valuable history, and delicious food, there are endless options for couples to enjoy together in this city.

Fun and Interesting Facts

Rome is a city that is steeped in history, culture, and legend. As one of the world’s most iconic destinations, it is full of fascinating stories and hidden treasures. Here are some fun and interesting facts about Rome that you may not have known before:

  • Rome is known as the “Eternal City” because it has been continuously inhabited for over 2,700 years.
  • The Colosseum, one of Rome’s most famous landmarks, was completed in 80 AD and could seat up to 50,000 spectators.
  • The Roman Forum was the center of political and social life in ancient Rome and was the site of many important events and speeches.
  • The Pantheon is one of the best-preserved ancient Roman buildings and was originally built as a temple to all the gods.
  • The Vatican City, located within the city of Rome, is the smallest country in the world.
  • Rome has more than 900 churches, including St. Peter’s Basilica, the largest church in the world.
  • The Spanish Steps, located in the heart of Rome, are a popular meeting spot for locals and tourists alike.
  • Rome is home to the world’s oldest university, the University of Rome La Sapienza, founded in 1303.
  • The Romans were the first to use concrete in construction, which allowed them to build larger and more durable structures.
  • The Trevi Fountain, one of Rome’s most famous landmarks, is said to bring good luck to those who toss a coin into the water.


Rome is an incredible destination that offers a unique blend of history, culture, and beauty. With its world-renowned landmarks, ancient ruins, and stunning architecture, Rome is a city that captivates and inspires visitors from all over the world. Whether you’re interested in exploring the city’s magnificent history, indulging in its delicious cuisine, or simply soaking up its vibrant atmosphere, Rome is a destination that has something for everyone. From the grandeur of the Colosseum to the tranquility of the Vatican Gardens, Rome is a city that is full of surprises and wonder. With its timeless charm and unparalleled beauty, it’s easy to see why Rome is considered one of the most fascinating and beloved cities in the world.