Giza: Discovering Ancient History

Giza: Discovering Ancient History

Giza is a city located on the west bank of the Nile river, just south of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt. It is most famous for being the home of the Giza Plateau, which includes the Great Pyramids of Giza, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Short History

Giza is most famous for its proximity to the Great Pyramids of Giza, one of the most iconic landmarks in the world. Giza has a rich history dating back to ancient times, and was an important center of the Old Kingdom of Egypt. It was here that the pharaohs of ancient Egypt built their monumental pyramids, which served as their tombs and were believed to help them achieve immortality. Today, Giza is a bustling city with a mix of modern and ancient architecture and a vibrant cultural scene.


Giza is a city located in the Giza Governorate of Egypt. While Giza is known for its famous ancient landmarks, such as the Great Pyramids and the Sphinx, it also boasts a rich history of Islamic architecture, including mosques, madrasas, and palaces. Some notable examples include the Mosque of Ibn Tulun, the Al-Azhar Mosque, and the Qalawun Complex. These structures showcase a range of architectural styles, from Fatimid and Mamluk to Ottoman and modern influences.

Museums and Galleries

Giza, Egypt is a city rich in history and culture, and there are several museums and galleries that showcase its heritage. Some of the most interesting museums and galleries in Giza include:

  • The Giza Solar Boat Museum: This museum is home to the restored solar boat of Pharaoh Khufu, which was discovered in 1954. The boat is over 4,500 years old and is considered one of the world’s oldest and best-preserved boats.
  • The Grand Egyptian Museum: Located near the pyramids of Giza, this museum is one of the largest in the world and is dedicated to ancient Egyptian history and culture. The museum features over 100,000 artifacts, including the treasures of King Tutankhamun.
  • The Museum of Islamic Art: This museum is located in Cairo, but it is easily accessible from Giza. The museum features over 100,000 Islamic artifacts, including textiles, ceramics, and calligraphy.
  • The Coptic Museum: This museum is also located in Cairo and is dedicated to Coptic art and culture. The museum features a collection of Christian art and artifacts, including manuscripts, textiles, and icons.
  • The Egyptian Museum: This museum is located in Cairo and is home to the world’s largest collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts. The museum features over 120,000 items, including the treasures of King Tutankhamun.
  • The Mohamed Mahmoud Khalil Museum: This museum is located in Cairo and features a collection of European art, as well as a small collection of Islamic art.

These museums and galleries are a must-visit for anyone interested in the rich history and culture of Giza and Egypt as a whole.

Landmarks and Monuments

Giza is famous for its ancient Egyptian monuments, and the most famous one is the Giza Necropolis. Here are some of the most interesting landmarks and monuments to see in Giza:

  • Great Pyramid of Giza: Also known as the Pyramid of Khufu, it is the largest and oldest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis.
  • Great Sphinx of Giza: A limestone statue with a lion’s body and a human head, the Great Sphinx of Giza is believed to have been built during the reign of Pharaoh Khafre.
  • Pyramid of Khafre: The second-largest pyramid in the Giza Necropolis, it is made of limestone and stands at 143.5 meters tall.
  • Pyramid of Menkaure: The smallest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis, it was built for Pharaoh Menkaure and is notable for its complex internal structure.
  • Solar Boat Museum: A museum housing the reconstructed boat of Khufu, which was discovered buried near the Great Pyramid of Giza.
  • Tomb of Queen Hetepheres: The tomb of Khufu’s mother, it is one of the most elaborate and well-preserved tombs in the Giza Necropolis.
  • Valley Temple of Khafre: A mortuary temple located near the Pyramid of Khafre, it was used for the mummification process and is notable for its well-preserved granite blocks.
  • Mastabas: A series of ancient Egyptian tombs in the Giza Necropolis, they are notable for their unique architectural design and intricate wall paintings.

These landmarks and monuments offer a fascinating glimpse into the rich history and culture of ancient Egypt, and are a must-see for anyone visiting Giza.

Parks and Green Spaces

Giza is known for its ancient pyramids, but it also has several beautiful parks and green spaces. Here are some of the most popular ones:

  • Giza Zoo: Established in 1891, the Giza Zoo is one of the oldest zoos in the world. It covers an area of over 80 acres and is home to over 200 species of animals.
  • Orman Botanical Garden: Founded in 1875, the Orman Botanical Garden is one of the oldest botanical gardens in the world. It features over 1,800 species of plants, as well as a lake, waterfalls, and a Japanese garden.
  • Al-Azhar Park: Located in the heart of Cairo, Al-Azhar Park is a beautiful green space that offers stunning views of the city. It features gardens, fountains, and a lake, as well as several restaurants and cafes.
  • Gezira Island: Also known as Zamalek, Gezira Island is a beautiful residential area located in the Nile River. It features several parks and gardens, as well as art galleries, cafes, and restaurants.
  • Wadi Degla Protected Area: Located in the eastern part of Giza, Wadi Degla is a protected area that offers beautiful hiking trails, rock climbing, and camping opportunities. It is home to several species of wildlife, including hyenas, foxes, and gazelles.

Shopping Districts

Giza is not known for its shopping districts, as most tourists come to see the famous landmarks and attractions. However, there are a few places where visitors can buy souvenirs, local crafts, and other items. Here are some of the shopping districts in Giza worth checking out:

  • Khan el-Khalili: Located in nearby Cairo, this historic market is one of the most famous in the world. It’s a great place to find traditional Egyptian souvenirs like spices, jewelry, and textiles.
  • Souk El Ataba: Another popular market in Cairo, Souk El Ataba is known for its clothing and accessories.
  • First Mall Cairo: This luxury mall in Giza has a wide range of high-end shops, including international brands like Gucci and Louis Vuitton.
  • Citystars Heliopolis: Located in Cairo, this modern shopping center has over 750 stores, restaurants, and entertainment venues.
  • Mall of Arabia: This large mall in nearby 6th of October City has a mix of local and international stores, as well as a cinema and children’s play area.

Food and Drink

Giza is a city in Egypt that offers a variety of delicious food and drinks. Here are some of the most popular options to try:

  • Koshary – a local dish made of rice, pasta, lentils, and chickpeas, topped with tomato sauce and fried onions.
  • Fatta – a traditional Egyptian dish made with layers of bread, rice, and meat, topped with a garlic tomato sauce and chickpeas.
  • Ta’amiya – also known as falafel, made of mashed fava beans or chickpeas and deep-fried, served with salad and tahini sauce.
  • Umm Ali – a sweet and creamy Egyptian dessert made with puff pastry, milk, nuts, and sugar.
  • Fresh juices – popular flavors include mango, guava, and strawberry. Sugar cane juice is also a popular drink in Egypt.
  • Tea – Egyptian tea is often served sweetened and with fresh mint leaves.
  • Turkish coffee – a strong and aromatic coffee brewed in a traditional pot called a cezve.
  • Hibiscus tea – a popular drink in Egypt made from dried hibiscus flowers, served hot or cold.
  • Karkadeh – a bright red tea made from dried hibiscus flowers, traditionally served cold with sugar.
  • Shawarma – a popular Middle Eastern wrap filled with meat, salad, and tahini sauce.


Giza is a city in Egypt that is located just southwest of Cairo. The city is famous for the Pyramids of Giza, which are among the world’s most recognizable landmarks. Getting around Giza is fairly easy, with various transportation options available. Taxis and ride-sharing services like Uber are readily available, and there are also public buses that run throughout the city. However, due to the often chaotic traffic in Giza, it may be best to use public transportation. Visitors can also hire a local guide or join a guided tour to explore the city and its famous landmarks. Walking tours and bike rentals are also available for those who prefer to explore at their own pace.

City Safety

Giza is generally considered safe for tourists, but visitors should still exercise caution and take necessary safety measures. Petty theft and pickpocketing can occur in crowded areas, and tourists should avoid walking alone at night in unfamiliar areas. It is also advisable to stay up-to-date on local news and events and to avoid any demonstrations or protests.

Expensive or Cheap

Giza is generally considered to be an affordable city for tourists, especially when compared to other major tourist destinations in Egypt like Cairo and Luxor. Prices for food, transportation, and accommodations are relatively inexpensive, although there may be variations depending on the specific location and type of establishment. That being said, expenses can add up quickly if you choose to visit high-end restaurants, stay in luxury hotels, or participate in exclusive tours.

Date Ideas

Giza offers a unique blend of ancient history and modern charm, making it an ideal destination for romantic outings. Couples can take a stroll along the Nile River, visit ancient wonders, or enjoy a romantic dinner with a view of the Pyramids. Here are some date ideas in Giza:

  • Pyramids Sound and Light Show: Experience the Pyramids in a new light with a spectacular sound and light show that tells the story of ancient Egypt.
  • Felucca Ride on the Nile: Take a relaxing ride on a traditional Egyptian sailboat, known as a felucca, and enjoy the sunset over the Nile River.
  • Dinner with a View: Enjoy a romantic dinner with a breathtaking view of the Pyramids at one of the rooftop restaurants.
  • Egyptian Museum: Explore ancient Egyptian artifacts and learn about the fascinating history of this ancient civilization.
  • Khan El-Khalili Bazaar: Take a stroll through this vibrant and colorful marketplace, where you can find unique souvenirs and handicrafts to remember your trip.
  • Al-Azhar Park: Escape the hustle and bustle of the city and enjoy a peaceful stroll through this beautiful park, which offers stunning views of the city and the Cairo Citadel.
  • Nile River Cruise: Take a romantic dinner cruise along the Nile River and admire the city skyline as you enjoy a delicious meal and entertainment on board.
  • Giza Zoo: Spend a fun day exploring the Giza Zoo, which is home to a wide variety of animals, including lions, tigers, and bears.
  • Cairo Tower: Enjoy panoramic views of the city from the top of Cairo Tower, which stands at over 600 feet tall.
  • Camel Ride at the Pyramids: Take a romantic camel ride around the Pyramids and experience the wonders of ancient Egypt up close.

Fun and Interesting Facts

Giza is a city in Egypt that is most famous for its ancient pyramids, which have captivated the imagination of people from around the world for centuries. Here are some fun and interesting facts about Giza:

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and the only one still standing.
  • The Great Sphinx of Giza, a statue of a lion with a human head, is one of the largest and oldest statues in the world, believed to have been built around 2500 BC.
  • Giza is home to the world’s largest collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts, with more than 100,000 pieces housed in the Egyptian Museum.
  • The Giza Plateau, where the pyramids and the Sphinx are located, was once a vast necropolis where the Pharaohs and their families were buried.
  • Giza was once a major center of ancient Egyptian religion, with many temples and shrines dedicated to the gods and goddesses.

In conclusion, Giza is a city steeped in history and mystique, with its ancient pyramids and temples continuing to fascinate visitors from around the world.